JavaWEB基础之文件上传实现

发布于 2020-8-30 10:51
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准备:我们需要找一张绿色或者其它颜色的背景图,放在photo文件夹里就好哈,然后加jar:common-io和commo-fileupload就可以哈JavaWEB基础之文件上传实现-开源基础软件社区创建progress.css文件:

.pro{
 
  height:15px;
 
  width:500px;
 
  background: #FFFFF0;
 
  border: 1px solid #8FBC8F;
 
  margin: 0;
 
  padding: 0;
 
  display:none;
 
  position: relative;
 
  left:25px;
 
  float:left;
 
}

创建uploadAjax.js

function go(){
 f1.submit();
 document.getElementById("pro").style.display="block";
 document.getElementById("prop").style.display="";
 timer=setInterval("getP()",50);
  
}
 
var xmlHttpRequest;
function getP(){
  
 if(window.XmlHttpRequest){
  xmlHttpRequest=new XmlHttpRequest();
 }else{
  xmlHttpRequest=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
 } 
  
 xmlHttpRequest.onreadystatechange=callBack; 
 url="GetProgressServlet";
 xmlHttpRequest.open("post",url,true);
  
 xmlHttpRequest.setRequestHeader("Content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
 xmlHttpRequest.send("&timeStamp="+(new Date()).getTime()); 
  
}
//回调函数
function callBack(){
  
 if(xmlHttpRequest.readyState==4 && xmlHttpRequest.status==200){ 
   
  result=xmlHttpRequest.responseText;
  var result=result.replace(/(^\s*)|(\s*$)/g, "");
  var res=result.split(",");
  var flag=res[1]; 
  var per=parseInt(res[0]);
  var err=res[2];
  document.getElementById("imgpro").style.width=per*5+"px";
  document.getElementById("prop").innerHTML=per+"%";
  if(flag=="OK"){
   window.clearInterval(timer);
   alert("上传成功!");
   document.getElementById("pro").style.display="none";
   document.getElementById("prop").innerHTML="";
   f1.reset();
  }
  if(err!=""||err.length>0){
   window.clearInterval(timer);
   alert(err);
  }
  if(flag==null){
   window.clearInterval(timer);
  }
 }
}

调用和引入

 

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/progress.css">
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/uploadAjax.js" charset="UTF-8"></script>
 

<div class="am-g">
      <div class="am-u-sm-12" align="left">
    	<div class="am-form-group">
		<form action="<%=basePath %>UploadSpotImgServlet" name="f1" id="f1" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" target="if">
	 		<div class="field">
                <a class="button input-file" href="javascript:void(0);">+ 浏览文件<input size="30" type="file" name="logo" data-validate="required:请选择上传文件,regexp#.+.(jpg|jpeg|png|gif)$:只能上传jpg|gif|png格式文件" /></a>
             </div>
             <br>
             <input type="reset" name="res1" value="重置"  class="am-btn am-btn-primary" />
             <input type="submit" name="but1" value="提交" onclick="go();" class="am-btn am-btn-primary" />
		</form><br>
		<div id="pro" class="pro" align="left" style="height:1px;width:600px;">
 		<img alt="" src="photo/progress.png" width="0px" id="imgpro">
		</div>
  		<span id="prop" style="width:15px;height:15px;display: none;">0%</span>
  		<br><br>
		<iframe id="if" name="if" src="" style="display: none"></iframe>
		
		
	   </div>
     </div>
   </div>

创建UploadSpotImgServlet

public class UploadSpotImgServlet extends HttpServlet {
 
	/**
	 * 
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 
	private String fileName;
	
	private File tempFile;
 
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
		//设置编码格式为utf-8
		response.setContentType("text/html;charset=UTF-8");
		PrintWriter out1 = response.getWriter();
		
		request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
		//获取session,保存进度和上传结果,上传结果初始值为NOK,当为Ok表示上传完成
		HttpSession session=request.getSession();
		session.setAttribute("prog", "0");
		session.setAttribute("result", "NOK"); 
		session.setAttribute("error", "");
		String error="";
		//给上传的文件设一个最大值,这里是不得超过50MB
		int maxSize=50*1024*1024;
		//创建工厂对象和文件上传对象
		DiskFileItemFactory factory=new DiskFileItemFactory();
		ServletFileUpload upload=new ServletFileUpload(factory);
		try {
			//解析上传请求
			List items=upload.parseRequest(request);
			Iterator itr=items.iterator();
    
		   while(itr.hasNext()){
			    FileItem item=(FileItem)itr.next();
			    //判断是否为文件域
			    if(!item.isFormField()){
			     if(item.getName()!=null&&!item.getName().equals("")){
				      //获取上传文件大小和文件名称
				      long upFileSize=item.getSize();   
				      fileName=item.getName();
				      if(upFileSize>maxSize){
				       error="您上传的文件太大了,请选择不超过50MB的文件!";
				       break;
				      }
				      //此时文件暂存在服务器的内存中,构造临时对象
				      tempFile=new File(fileName);
				      //指定文件上传服务器的目录及文件名称
				      File file=new File("D:\\MyEclipse\\workspace\\TourismSystemServer\\WebRoot\\source\\images",tempFile.getName());
				      //构造输入流读文件
				      InputStream is=item.getInputStream();
				      int length=0;
				      byte[] by=new byte[1024];
				      double persent=0;
				      FileOutputStream fos=new FileOutputStream(file);
				      PrintWriter out=response.getWriter();
				      while((length=is.read(by))!=-1){
				       //计算文件进度
				       persent+=length/(double)upFileSize*100D;
				       fos.write(by, 0, length);
				       session.setAttribute("prog", Math.round(persent)+""); 
				       Thread.sleep(10);
				      }
				      fos.close();
				      Thread.sleep(1000);
			     	}else{
			     		error="没选择上传文件!";
			     	}
			    }
		   }
		   
		  Constant.ImgPath.path = "/source/images/"+tempFile.getName();
		  //System.out.println(Constant.ImgPath.path);
		   response.sendRedirect(Constant.WEB_URL_ADDSPOTINFO);
		   
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
			error="上传文件出现错误:"+e.getMessage();
		}
		if(!error.equals("")){ 
			session.setAttribute("error", error);
		}else{
			session.setAttribute("result", "OK");
		}
		
		out1.flush();
		out1.close();
	}
 
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
		doGet(request, response);
	}
	
}

ok,这样我们就可以上传文件到我们制定的文件夹里哦,还有结合Ajax,就不会出现页面刷新的情况了哦!
 

 


 

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