「SpringCloud」集成短信通知服务

发布于 2022-4-26 20:01
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作者 AI全栈程序猿
来源 | 今日头条

目前系统集成短信似乎是必不可少的部分,由于各种云平台都提供了不同的短信通道,这里我们增加多租户多通道的短信验证码,并增加配置项,使系统可以支持多家云平台提供的短信服务。这里以阿里云和腾讯云为例,集成短信通知服务,并且能够根据不同的租户选择对应的短信渠道。

1、在GitEgg-Platform中新建gitegg-platform-sms基础工程,定义抽象方法和配置类

SmsSendService发送短信抽象接口:

/**
 * 短信发送接口
 */
public interface SmsSendService {
    /**
     * 发送单个短信
     * @param smsData
     * @param phoneNumber
     * @return
     */
    default SmsResponse sendSms(SmsData smsData, String phoneNumber){
        if (StrUtil.isEmpty(phoneNumber)) {
            return new SmsResponse();
        }
        return this.sendSms(smsData, Collections.singletonList(phoneNumber));
    }
    /**
     * 群发发送短信
     * @param smsData
     * @param phoneNumbers
     * @return
     */
    SmsResponse sendSms(SmsData smsData, Collection<String> phoneNumbers);
    
}

SmsResultCodeEnum定义短信发送结果:

/**
 * @ClassName: ResultCodeEnum
 * @Description: 自定义返回码枚举
 * @author GitEgg
 * @date 2020年09月19日 下午11:49:45
 */
@Getter
@AllArgsConstructor
public enum SmsResultCodeEnum {
    /**
     * 成功
     */
    SUCCESS(200, "操作成功"),
    /**
     * 系统繁忙,请稍后重试
     */
    ERROR(429, "短信发送失败,请稍后重试"),
    /**
     * 系统错误
     */
    PHONE_NUMBER_ERROR(500, "手机号错误");
    public int code;
    public String msg;
}

2、新建

gitegg-platform-sms-aliyun工程,实现阿里云短信发送接口

AliyunSmsProperties配置类:

@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "sms.aliyun")
public class AliyunSmsProperties {
    /**
     * product
     */
    private String product = "Dysmsapi";
    /**
     * domain
     */
    private String domain = "dysmsapi.aliyuncs.com";
    /**
     * regionId
     */
    private String regionId = "cn-hangzhou";
    /**
     * accessKeyId
     */
    private String accessKeyId;
    /**
     * accessKeySecret
     */
    private String accessKeySecret;
    /**
     * 短信签名
     */
    private String signName;
}

AliyunSmsSendServiceImpl阿里云短信发送接口实现类:

/**
 * 阿里云短信发送
 */
@Slf4j
@AllArgsConstructor
public class AliyunSmsSendServiceImpl implements SmsSendService {
    private static final String successCode = "OK";
    private final AliyunSmsProperties properties;
    private final IAcsClient acsClient;
    @Override
    public SmsResponse sendSms(SmsData smsData, Collection<String> phoneNumbers) {
        SmsResponse smsResponse = new SmsResponse();
        SendSmsRequest request = new SendSmsRequest();
        request.setSysMethod(MethodType.POST);
        request.setPhoneNumbers(StrUtil.join(",", phoneNumbers));
        request.setSignName(properties.getSignName());
        request.setTemplateCode(smsData.getTemplateId());
        request.setTemplateParam(JsonUtils.mapToJson(smsData.getParams()));
        try {
            SendSmsResponse sendSmsResponse = acsClient.getAcsResponse(request);
            if (null != sendSmsResponse && !StringUtils.isEmpty(sendSmsResponse.getCode())) {
                if (this.successCode.equals(sendSmsResponse.getCode())) {
                    smsResponse.setSuccess(true);
                } else {
                    log.error("Send Aliyun Sms Fail: [code={}, message={}]", sendSmsResponse.getCode(), sendSmsResponse.getMessage());
                }
                smsResponse.setCode(sendSmsResponse.getCode());
                smsResponse.setMessage(sendSmsResponse.getMessage());
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            log.error("Send Aliyun Sms Fail: {}", e);
            smsResponse.setMessage("Send Aliyun Sms Fail!");
        }
        return smsResponse;
    }
}

3、新建

gitegg-platform-sms-tencent工程,实现腾讯云短信发送接口

TencentSmsProperties配置类:

@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "sms.tencent")
public class TencentSmsProperties {
    /* 填充请求参数,这里 request 对象的成员变量即对应接口的入参
     * 您可以通过官网接口文档或跳转到 request 对象的定义处查看请求参数的定义
     * 基本类型的设置:
     * 帮助链接:
     * 短信控制台:https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2
     * sms helper:https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/3773 */
    /* 短信应用 ID: 在 [短信控制台] 添加应用后生成的实际 SDKAppID,例如1400006666 */
    private String SmsSdkAppId;
    /* 国际/港澳台短信 senderid: 国内短信填空,默认未开通,如需开通请联系 [sms helper] */
    private String senderId;
    /* 短信码号扩展号: 默认未开通,如需开通请联系 [sms helper] */
    private String extendCode;
    /**
     * 短信签名
     */
    private String signName;
}

TencentSmsSendServiceImpl腾讯云短信发送接口实现类:

/**
 * 腾讯云短信发送
 */
@Slf4j
@AllArgsConstructor
public class TencentSmsSendServiceImpl implements SmsSendService {
    private static final String successCode = "Ok";
    private final TencentSmsProperties properties;
    private final SmsClient client;
    @Override
    public SmsResponse sendSms(SmsData smsData, Collection<String> phoneNumbers) {
        SmsResponse smsResponse = new SmsResponse();
        SendSmsRequest request = new SendSmsRequest();
        request.setSmsSdkAppid(properties.getSmsSdkAppId());
        /* 短信签名内容: 使用 UTF-8 编码,必须填写已审核通过的签名,可登录 [短信控制台] 查看签名信息 */
        request.setSign(properties.getSignName());
        /* 国际/港澳台短信 senderid: 国内短信填空,默认未开通,如需开通请联系 [sms helper] */
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(properties.getSenderId()))
        {
            request.setSenderId(properties.getSenderId());
        }
        request.setTemplateID(smsData.getTemplateId());
        /* 下发手机号码,采用 e.164 标准,+[国家或地区码][手机号]
         * 例如+8613711112222, 其中前面有一个+号 ,86为国家码,13711112222为手机号,最多不要超过200个手机号*/
        String[] phoneNumbersArray = (String[]) phoneNumbers.toArray();
        request.setPhoneNumberSet(phoneNumbersArray);
        /* 模板参数: 若无模板参数,则设置为空*/
        String[] templateParams = new String[]{};
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(smsData.getParams())) {
            templateParams = (String[]) smsData.getParams().values().toArray();
        }
        request.setTemplateParamSet(templateParams);
        try {
            /* 通过 client 对象调用 SendSms 方法发起请求。注意请求方法名与请求对象是对应的
             * 返回的 res 是一个 SendSmsResponse 类的实例,与请求对象对应 */
            SendSmsResponse sendSmsResponse = client.SendSms(request);
            //如果是批量发送,那么腾讯云短信会返回每条短信的发送状态,这里默认返回第一条短信的状态
            if (null != sendSmsResponse && null != sendSmsResponse.getSendStatusSet()) {
                SendStatus sendStatus = sendSmsResponse.getSendStatusSet()[0];
                if (this.successCode.equals(sendStatus.getCode()))
                {
                    smsResponse.setSuccess(true);
                }
                else
                {
                    smsResponse.setCode(sendStatus.getCode());
                    smsResponse.setMessage(sendStatus.getMessage());
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            log.error("Send Aliyun Sms Fail: {}", e);
            smsResponse.setMessage("Send Aliyun Sms Fail!");
        }
        return smsResponse;
    }
}

4、在GitEgg-Cloud中新建业务调用方法,这里要考虑到不同租户调用不同的短信配置进行短信发送,所以新建SmsFactory短信接口实例化工厂,根据不同的租户实例化不同的短信发送接口,这里以实例化

com.gitegg.service.extension.sms.factory.SmsAliyunFactory类为例,进行实例化操作,实际使用中,这里需要配置和租户的对应关系,从租户的短信配置中获取。

@Component
public class SmsFactory {
    private final ISmsTemplateService smsTemplateService;
    /**
     * SmsSendService 缓存
     */
    private final Map<Long, SmsSendService> SmsSendServiceMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
    public SmsFactory(ISmsTemplateService smsTemplateService) {
        this.smsTemplateService = smsTemplateService;
    }
    /**
     * 获取 SmsSendService
     *
     * @param smsTemplateDTO 短信模板
     * @return SmsSendService
     */
    public SmsSendService getSmsSendService(SmsTemplateDTO smsTemplateDTO) {
        //根据channelId获取对应的发送短信服务接口,channelId是唯一的,每个租户有其自有的channelId
        Long channelId = smsTemplateDTO.getChannelId();
        SmsSendService smsSendService = SmsSendServiceMap.get(channelId);
        if (null == smsSendService) {
            Class cls = null;
            try {
                cls = Class.forName("com.gitegg.service.extension.sms.factory.SmsAliyunFactory");
                Method staticMethod = cls.getDeclaredMethod("getSmsSendService", SmsTemplateDTO.class);
                smsSendService = (SmsSendService) staticMethod.invoke(cls,smsTemplateDTO);
                SmsSendServiceMap.put(channelId, smsSendService);
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException | NoSuchMethodException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return smsSendService;
    }
}
/**
 * 阿里云短信服务接口工厂类
 */
public class SmsAliyunFactory {
    public static SmsSendService getSmsSendService(SmsTemplateDTO sms) {
        AliyunSmsProperties aliyunSmsProperties = new AliyunSmsProperties();
        aliyunSmsProperties.setAccessKeyId(sms.getSecretId());
        aliyunSmsProperties.setAccessKeySecret(sms.getSecretKey());
        aliyunSmsProperties.setRegionId(sms.getRegionId());
        aliyunSmsProperties.setSignName(sms.getSignName());
        IClientProfile profile = DefaultProfile.getProfile(aliyunSmsProperties.getRegionId(), aliyunSmsProperties.getAccessKeyId(), aliyunSmsProperties.getAccessKeySecret());
        IAcsClient acsClient = new DefaultAcsClient(profile);
        return new AliyunSmsSendServiceImpl(aliyunSmsProperties, acsClient);
    }
}
/**
 * 腾讯云短信服务接口工厂类
 */
public class SmsTencentFactory {
    public static SmsSendService getSmsSendService(SmsTemplateDTO sms) {
        TencentSmsProperties tencentSmsProperties = new TencentSmsProperties();
        tencentSmsProperties.setSmsSdkAppId(sms.getSecretId());
        tencentSmsProperties.setExtendCode(sms.getSecretKey());
        tencentSmsProperties.setSenderId(sms.getRegionId());
        tencentSmsProperties.setSignName(sms.getSignName());
        /* 必要步骤:
         * 实例化一个认证对象,入参需要传入腾讯云账户密钥对 secretId 和 secretKey
         * 本示例采用从环境变量读取的方式,需要预先在环境变量中设置这两个值
         * 您也可以直接在代码中写入密钥对,但需谨防泄露,不要将代码复制、上传或者分享给他人
         * CAM 密钥查询:https://console.cloud.tencent.com/cam/capi
         */
        Credential cred = new Credential(sms.getSecretId(), sms.getSecretKey());
        // 实例化一个 http 选项,可选,无特殊需求时可以跳过
        HttpProfile httpProfile = new HttpProfile();
        // 设置代理
//        httpProfile.setProxyHost("host");
//        httpProfile.setProxyPort(port);
        /* SDK 默认使用 POST 方法。
         * 如需使用 GET 方法,可以在此处设置,但 GET 方法无法处理较大的请求 */
        httpProfile.setReqMethod("POST");
        /* SDK 有默认的超时时间,非必要请不要进行调整
         * 如有需要请在代码中查阅以获取最新的默认值 */
        httpProfile.setConnTimeout(60);
        /* SDK 会自动指定域名,通常无需指定域名,但访问金融区的服务时必须手动指定域名
         * 例如 SMS 的上海金融区域名为 sms.ap-shanghai-fsi.tencentcloudapi.com */
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(sms.getRegionId()))
        {
            httpProfile.setEndpoint(sms.getRegionId());
        }
        /* 非必要步骤:
         * 实例化一个客户端配置对象,可以指定超时时间等配置 */
        ClientProfile clientProfile = new ClientProfile();
        /* SDK 默认用 TC3-HMAC-SHA256 进行签名
         * 非必要请不要修改该字段 */
        clientProfile.setSignMethod("HmacSHA256");
        clientProfile.setHttpProfile(httpProfile);
        /* 实例化 SMS 的 client 对象
         * 第二个参数是地域信息,可以直接填写字符串 ap-guangzhou,或者引用预设的常量 */
        SmsClient client = new SmsClient(cred, "",clientProfile);
        return new TencentSmsSendServiceImpl(tencentSmsProperties, client);
    }
}

5、定义短信发送接口及实现类

ISmsService业务短信发送接口定义:

/**
 * <p>
 * 短信发送接口定义
 * </p>
 *
 * @author GitEgg
 * @since 2021-01-25
 */
public interface ISmsService {
    /**
     * 发送短信
     *
     * @param smsCode
     * @param smsData
     * @param phoneNumbers
     * @return
     */
    SmsResponse sendSmsNormal(String smsCode, String smsData, String phoneNumbers);
    /**
     * 发送短信验证码
     *
     * @param smsCode
     * @param phoneNumber
     * @return
     */
    SmsResponse sendSmsVerificationCode( String smsCode, String phoneNumber);
    /**
     * 校验短信验证码
     *
     * @param smsCode
     * @param phoneNumber
     * @return
     */
    boolean checkSmsVerificationCode(String smsCode, String phoneNumber, String verificationCode);
}

SmsServiceImpl 短信发送接口实现类:

/**
 * <p>
 * 短信发送接口实现类
 * </p>
 *
 * @author GitEgg
 * @since 2021-01-25
 */
@Slf4j
@Service
@RequiredArgsConstructor(onConstructor_ = @Autowired)
public class SmsServiceImpl implements ISmsService {
    private final SmsFactory smsFactory;
    private final ISmsTemplateService smsTemplateService;
    private final RedisTemplate redisTemplate;
    @Override
    public SmsResponse sendSmsNormal(String smsCode, String smsData, String phoneNumbers) {
        SmsResponse smsResponse = new SmsResponse();
        try {
            QuerySmsTemplateDTO querySmsTemplateDTO = new QuerySmsTemplateDTO();
            querySmsTemplateDTO.setSmsCode(smsCode);
            //获取短信code的相关信息,租户信息会根据mybatis plus插件获取
            SmsTemplateDTO smsTemplateDTO = smsTemplateService.querySmsTemplate(querySmsTemplateDTO);
            ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
            Map smsDataMap = mapper.readValue(smsData, Map.class);
            List<String> phoneNumberList =  JsonUtils.jsonToList(phoneNumbers, String.class);
            SmsData smsDataParam = new SmsData();
            smsDataParam.setTemplateId(smsTemplateDTO.getTemplateId());
            smsDataParam.setParams(smsDataMap);
            SmsSendService smsSendService = smsFactory.getSmsSendService(smsTemplateDTO);
            smsResponse = smsSendService.sendSms(smsDataParam, phoneNumberList);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            smsResponse.setMessage("短信发送失败");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return smsResponse;
    }
    @Override
    public SmsResponse sendSmsVerificationCode(String smsCode, String phoneNumber) {
        String verificationCode = RandomUtil.randomNumbers(6);
        Map<String, String> smsDataMap = new HashMap<>();
        smsDataMap.put(SmsConstant.SMS_CAPTCHA_TEMPLATE_CODE, verificationCode);
        List<String> phoneNumbers = Arrays.asList(phoneNumber);
        SmsResponse smsResponse = this.sendSmsNormal(smsCode, JsonUtils.mapToJson(smsDataMap), JsonUtils.listToJson(phoneNumbers));
        if (null != smsResponse && smsResponse.isSuccess()) {
            // 将短信验证码存入redis并设置过期时间为5分钟
            redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(SmsConstant.SMS_CAPTCHA_KEY + smsCode + phoneNumber, verificationCode, 30,
                    TimeUnit.MINUTES);
        }
        return smsResponse;
    }
    @Override
    public boolean checkSmsVerificationCode(String smsCode, String phoneNumber, String verificationCode) {
        String verificationCodeRedis = (String) redisTemplate.opsForValue().get(SmsConstant.SMS_CAPTCHA_KEY + smsCode + phoneNumber);
        if (!StrUtil.isAllEmpty(verificationCodeRedis, verificationCode) && verificationCode.equalsIgnoreCase(verificationCodeRedis)) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
}

6、新建SmsFeign类,供其他微服务调用发送短信

/**
 * @ClassName: SmsFeign
 * @Description: SmsFeign前端控制器
 * @author gitegg
 * @date 2019年5月18日 下午4:03:58
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping(value = "/feign/sms")
@RequiredArgsConstructor(onConstructor_ = @Autowired)
@Api(value = "SmsFeign|提供微服务调用接口")
@RefreshScope
public class SmsFeign {
    private final ISmsService smsService;
    @GetMapping(value = "/send/normal")
    @ApiOperation(value = "发送普通短信", notes = "发送普通短信")
    Result<Object> sendSmsNormal(@RequestParam("smsCode") String smsCode, @RequestParam("smsData") String smsData, @RequestParam("phoneNumbers") String phoneNumbers) {
        SmsResponse smsResponse = smsService.sendSmsNormal(smsCode, smsData, phoneNumbers);
        return Result.data(smsResponse);
    }
    @GetMapping(value = "/send/verification/code")
    @ApiOperation(value = "发送短信验证码", notes = "发送短信验证码")
    Result<Object> sendSmsVerificationCode(@RequestParam("smsCode") String smsCode, @RequestParam("phoneNumber") String phoneNumber) {
        SmsResponse smsResponse = smsService.sendSmsVerificationCode(smsCode, phoneNumber);
        return Result.data(smsResponse);
    }
    @GetMapping(value = "/check/verification/code")
    @ApiOperation(value = "校验短信验证码", notes = "校验短信验证码")
    Result<Boolean> checkSmsVerificationCode(@RequestParam("smsCode") String smsCode, @RequestParam("phoneNumber") String phoneNumber, @RequestParam("verificationCode") String verificationCode) {
        boolean checkResult = smsService.checkSmsVerificationCode(smsCode, phoneNumber, verificationCode);
        return Result.data(checkResult);
    }
}

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