Prometheus监控神器-Kubernetes篇(五)

发布于 2022-7-4 17:03
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在Kubernetes中手动方式部署Statefulset的Grafana,并使用StorageClass来持久化数据,并且配置ingress-nginx访问。
本篇使用StorageClass来持久化数据,搭建Statefulset的Grafana,并且在Dashboard导入前配置前面已经创建好的Prometheus的集群内部访问地址,同时配置ingress-nginx外部访问。

 

环境
我的本地环境使用的 sealos 一键部署,主要是为了便于测试。

Prometheus监控神器-Kubernetes篇(五)-开源基础软件社区
部署 Grafana
创建Grafana的SA文件

mkdir /data/manual-deploy/grafana/
cat grafana-serviceaccount.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: grafana
  namespace: kube-system

创建Grafana的sc配置文件

cat grafana-data-storageclass.yaml
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
  name: grafana-lpv
provisioner: kubernetes.io/no-provisioner
volumeBindingMode: WaitForFirstConsumer

创建Grafana的pv配置文件

cat grafana-data-pv.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: grafana-pv-0
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  volumeMode: Filesystem
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: grafana-lpv
  local:
    path: /data/grafana-data
  nodeAffinity:
    required:
      nodeSelectorTerms:
      - matchExpressions:
        - key: kubernetes.io/hostname
          operator: In
          values:
          - sealos-k8s-m2

在调度节点上创建pv目录与赋权

mkdir /data/grafana-data
chown -R 65534.65534 /data/grafana-data

Dashboard文件太大,自己下载改一下的namespace

grafana-dashboard-configmap.yaml

# 下载到本地
cat grafana-dashboard-configmap.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: null
  name: grafana-dashboards
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/component: grafana
data:
....

创建Grafana的configmap配置文件,其中的Prometheus是集群内部dns地址,请自行调整。

cat grafana-configmap.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: grafana-datasources
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
data:
  datasources.yaml: |
    apiVersion: 1
    datasources:
    - access: proxy
      isDefault: true
      name: prometheus
      type: prometheus
      url: http://prometheus-0.prometheus.kube-system.svc.cluster.local:9090
      version: 1
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: grafana-dashboardproviders
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
data:
  dashboardproviders.yaml: |
    apiVersion: 1
    providers:
    - disableDeletion: false
      editable: true
      folder: ""
      name: default
      options:
        path: /var/lib/grafana/dashboards
      orgId: 1
      type: file

我这里没有用secret,需要的自己调整下,在statefulset中有调用方法,我已经注释了。

cat grafana-secret.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: grafana-secret
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/component: grafana
type: Opaque
data:
  admin-user: YWRtaW4=
  admin-password: "123456"

创建Grafana的statefulset配置文件

cat grafana-statefulset.yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: grafana
  namespace: kube-system
  labels: &Labels
    k8s-app: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/component: grafana
spec:
  serviceName: grafana
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels: *Labels
  template:
    metadata:
      labels: *Labels
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: grafana
      initContainers:
          - name: "init-chmod-data"
            image: debian:9
            imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
            command: ["chmod", "777", "/var/lib/grafana"]
            volumeMounts:
            - name: grafana-data
              mountPath: "/var/lib/grafana"
      containers:
        - name: grafana
          image: grafana/grafana:7.1.0
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          volumeMounts:
            - name: dashboards
              mountPath: "/var/lib/grafana/dashboards"
            - name: datasources
              mountPath: "/etc/grafana/provisioning/datasources"              
            - name: grafana-dashboardproviders
              mountPath: "/etc/grafana/provisioning/dashboards"
            - name: grafana-data
              mountPath: "/var/lib/grafana"
          ports:
            - name: service
              containerPort: 80
              protocol: TCP
            - name: grafana
              containerPort: 3000
              protocol: TCP
          env:
            - name: GF_SECURITY_ADMIN_USER
              value: "admin"
              #valueFrom:
              #  secretKeyRef:
              #    name: grafana-secret
              #    key: admin-user
            - name: GF_SECURITY_ADMIN_PASSWORD
              value: "admin"
              #valueFrom:
              #  secretKeyRef:
              #    name: grafana-secret
              #    key: admin-password
          livenessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: /api/health
              port: 3000
          readinessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: /api/health
              port: 3000
            initialDelaySeconds: 60
            timeoutSeconds: 30
            failureThreshold: 10
            periodSeconds: 10
          resources:
            limits:
              cpu: 50m
              memory: 100Mi
            requests:
              cpu: 50m
              memory: 100Mi
      volumes:
        - name: datasources
          configMap:
            name: grafana-datasources
        - name: grafana-dashboardproviders
          configMap:
            name: grafana-dashboardproviders
        - name: dashboards
          configMap:
            name: grafana-dashboards
  volumeClaimTemplates:
  - metadata:
      name: grafana-data
    spec:
      storageClassName: "grafana-lpv"
      accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: "2Gi"

创建Grafana的statefulset的svc配置文件

cat grafana-service-statefulset.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: grafana
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/name: grafana
    app.kubernetes.io/component: grafana
  annotations:
    prometheus.io/scrape: 'true'
spec:
  ports:
    - name: http
      port: 80
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 3000
  selector:
    k8s-app: grafana

部署

cd /data/manual-deploy/grafana
ls
grafana-configmap.yaml
grafana-dashboard-configmap.yaml
grafana-data-pv.yaml
grafana-data-storageclass.yaml
grafana-secret.yaml
grafana-serviceaccount.yaml
grafana-service-statefulset.yaml
grafana-statefulset.yaml
kubectl apply .

验证

kubectl -n kube-system get sa,pod,svc,ep,sc,secret|grep grafana
serviceaccount/grafana                              1         1h
pod/grafana-0                                  1/1     Running   0          1h
service/grafana                   ClusterIP   10.101.176.62    <none>        80/TCP                         1h
endpoints/grafana                   100.73.217.86:3000                                                         1h
storageclass.storage.k8s.io/grafana-lpv               kubernetes.io/no-provisioner   Delete          WaitForFirstConsumer   false                  33h
secret/grafana-token-lrsbd                              kubernetes.io/service-account-token   3      1h

 

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文章转自公众号:Kubernetes技术栈

已于2022-7-4 17:03:03修改
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