轻鸿蒙NDK使用指南

发布于 2021-3-25 09:49
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在鸿蒙源码的最新版本1.0.1中有关于NDK开发的教程,教程的方法个人感觉和鸿蒙源码的1.0版中的Hi3861上开发第一个应用方法一样。教程位于源码的/build/lite/ndk/下轻鸿蒙NDK使用指南-开源基础软件社区

以下为教程内容

 


简介

 

NDK = Native Development Kit, 主要包括系统提供的c/c++接口库文件,编译工具链,工具和接口描述文档。

 


目录结构:

├── build 编译框架 │ ├── config │ └── toolchain ├── doc native api接口描述文档 ├── gcc 编译工具链 │ ├── arm-linux-ohoseabi -> arm-linux-musleabi │ ├── arm-linux-musleabi │ ├── bin │ ├── host_bin │ ├── lib │ ├── libexec │ ├── runtime_musl │ └── target ├── prebuilts 构建工具 │ └── build-tools ├── sample 用户编译样例 │ ├── include │ └── src └── sysroot Native API └── usr

 


编译框架

编译命令

编译使用gn构建系统,在根目录执行:python build.py即可启动编译。支持的命令如下:

 


build: python build.py 或 ``python build.py build`

 


clean: python build.py clean

 


debug/release:python build.py -v debug/release

 


debug和release版本的区别:

 


debug版本:-g

 


release版本:-O2 + strip符号表

 


默认编译选项

1、安全编译选项:-fstack-protector-all,PIE,PIC,_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2,-Wl,-z,now,-Wl,-z,relro,-Wl,-z,noexecstack

 


2、告警级别:-Werror

 


应用编译示例

1、创建应用目录,并在目录下创建BUILD.gn:

# Copyright (c) 2020 Huawei Device Co., Ltd.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

static_library("hello_world") {	# 应用库文件target,也可是shared_library
    sources = [
        "src/hello_world.c",
    ]

    include_dirs = [
        "include",
    ]
}

executable("sample") {			# 应用可执行文件target
    ldflags = [
        "-lsys_parameter",  	# 应用需要使用的库
        "-lsec_shared"
    ]
    deps = [
        ":hello_world",
    ]
}

 

2、将sample加入到编译入口,编译入口为根目录下的BUILD.gn:

# Copyright (c) 2020 Huawei Device Co., Ltd.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

import("//build/toolchain/${ohos_build_compiler}.gni")

group("ohos") {
    deps = []
    if (target_os == "ohos") {
        deps += [
            "//sample" # 新加的应用
        ]
    }
}

3、编译输出:out/bin

 


烧录和运行

1、请先烧录内核和文件系统

 


2、将应用程序nfs或者tftp到usr/bin目录下, 运行即可

 

 

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已于2021-3-25 09:49:36修改
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