#星光计划2.0# OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台 原创 精华

发布于 2021-12-28 23:31
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HarmonyOS技术社区创作者激励计划-星光计划2.0】

一.前面的话

说实话,腾讯云物联网平台一直是我比较喜欢的物联网云太平,除了有腾讯大厂作为品质背书之外,提供的sdk也是相当好用,更有腾讯连连小程序可以帮助做界面,调试功能,后端的API有java,c++,Golang,js,python等等语言版本,非常方便,简直是上云首选.

二.首先下载sdk

我们首先来找官方sdk,茫茫文档中给我看到了那熟悉的身影:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
文档地址在这,拿走不谢:
https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1081/48356
把sdk下载之后,熟练的放进thirdparty文件夹,
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
不得不提一下,2.x版本的OpenHarmony比1.x版本的代码结构清晰多了.

1.实现几个重要接口

这个时候依然要看文档,因为有些函数需要自己实现,具体是哪些呢,在这里:
https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1081/48389
这篇文档写了,我们要实现里面的这些接口,此处列举一二:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
仔细一看,霍,好家伙还不少呢,但是不怕,都是打工人,谁怕谁啊,二话不说我就写,结果就给我给写出来了:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
,写出来这些后就可以准备编译了吗?
nonono,我们还没做BUILD.gn文件呢,话不多说,直接教你写:

# Copyright (c) 2020 Huawei Device Co., Ltd.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

import("//build/lite/config/component/lite_component.gni")
import("//build/lite/ndk/ndk.gni")

config("qcloud_sdk_config") {
    
       include_dirs = [
        "sdk_src/internal_inc",
        "sdk_src/library",
        "include",
        "include/exports",

        "//kernel/liteos_m/kernel/include",
      
        # "//third_party/cmsis",
        "//third_party/mbedtls/include",
        "//third_party/mbedtls/include/mbedtls",
    
    ]


}
    cflags = [ "-Wno-unused-variable" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-unused-but-set-variable" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-unused-parameter" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-sign-compare" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-unused-function" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-return-type" ]

qcloud_sdk_sources = [
    "sdk_src/network/socket/network_socket.c",
    "sdk_src/network/tls/network_tls.c",
    "sdk_src/network/network_interface.c",

    "sdk_src/utils/utils_list.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_base64.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/qcloud_iot_ca.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_aes.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_getopt.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_hmac.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_md5.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_sha1.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/json_parser.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/json_token.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/string_utils.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_ringbuff.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/qcloud_iot_log.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/qcloud_iot_device.c",
    "sdk_src/utils/utils_timer.c",

    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_common.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_connect.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_net.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_publish.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_subscribe.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_unsubscribe.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client_yield.c",
    "sdk_src/protocol/mqtt/mqtt_client.c",

    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_action.c",
    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_client.c",
    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_client_common.c",
    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_client_json.c",
    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_client_manager.c",
    "sdk_src/services/data_template/data_template_event.c",

    "platform/os/liteos_m/HAL_Device_liteos_m.c",
    "platform/os/liteos_m/HAL_OS_liteos_m.c",
    "platform/os/liteos_m/HAL_TCP_liteos_m.c",
    "platform/os/liteos_m/HAL_Timer_liteos_m.c",
    # "./os/liteos_m/HAL_TLS_mbedtls_liteos_m.c",
    # "./tls/mbedtls/HAL_DTLS_mbedtls.c",
    "platform/tls/mbedtls/HAL_TLS_mbedtls.c",

 
]

lite_library("qcloud_sdk_static") {
    target_type = "static_library"

    sources = qcloud_sdk_sources
    public_configs = [ ":qcloud_sdk_config" ]
}

lite_library("qcloud_sdk_shared") {
    target_type = "shared_library"
    sources = qcloud_sdk_sources
    public_configs = [ ":qcloud_sdk_config" ]
}

ndk_lib("qcloud_ndk") {
    if (board_name != "hi3861v100") {
        lib_extension = ".so"
        deps = [
            ":qcloud_sdk_shared"
        ]
    } else {
        deps = [
            ":qcloud_sdk_static"
        ]
    }
    head_files = [
        "//third_party/iot_link/network/mqtt/paho_mqtt/paho"
    ]
}

整完之后就可以尝试一下有没有错误了.

2.在main里面写逻辑,处理事情

我们把官方sdk里面的点灯demo拿过来,直接新建一个demo文件夹,把文件放进去:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
自己写好BUILD.gn,跟之前华为云对接一个套路,大家这么聪明,不用我多说了:

# Copyright (c) 2020 Nanjing Xiaoxiongpai Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

static_library("qcloud_demo") {
    sources = [
        # "iot_thread.c",
        "light.c",
        "light_data_template_sample.c"
       
    ]
    
    cflags = [ "-Wno-unused-variable" ]
    cflags += [ "-Wno-unused-but-set-variable" ]
    
    include_dirs = [
        ".",
        "//foundation/communication/softbus_lite/os_adapter/include",
        "//utils/native/lite/include",
        "//kernel/liteos_m/components/cmsis/2.0",
        "//base/iot_hardware/peripheral/interfaces/kits",
        "//third_party"

    ]

    deps = [ 
        "//third_party/qcloud-iot-explorer-sdk-embedded-c-3.2.0:qcloud_sdk_static",
        # "//third_party/qcloud-iot-explorer-sdk-embedded-c-3.2.0/external_libs/mbedtls:mbedtls_static",
    ]


}

然后在sample里面的sdk把这个文件夹开启编译:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
这样就完成了代码的编写了,很快乐有木有

三.在云平台上创建设备

其实创建设备的过程官方文档也的确挺详细的,几乎不用再另外加工,这里给出官方的智能灯接入指南:
https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1081/41155
官方定义了许多的物模型,其实我们的产品可能是官方物模型没有定义的,此时我们就需要自己定义产品的属性,事件和动作等,这块自己仔细阅读官方文档就能搞懂
https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1081/34916
搞定了物模型,创建一个设备,记录下设备的产品id,设备id和连接秘钥
这点跟华为云平台不太一样,腾讯云的产品秘钥是平台生成的,而华为云平台是你自己定义好设备的秘钥,在创建设备的时候传上去

四.编译,运行

编译的过程倒是很顺利,这里就不过多废话了.
不过在运行的时候出现一个情况,就是mutex不够用了
自己折腾了一晚上也没找不解决办法,后面经过请教猴哥才搞明白:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
阿不对,下面这个候哥才对,大家可以去他主页关注一下:
https://harmonyos.51cto.com/user/posts/13519852
候哥真大神也,短短一两句话就帮我搞定了,在此特别感谢侯哥的帮助:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区
然后我就把我的mutex相关代码改成posix接口,这是修改之前的:


void *HAL_MutexCreate(void)
{
    osMutexAttr_t   attr;
    osMutexId_t     mutex;
    char            mutexName[RT_NAME_MAX];
    static uint32_t mutex_v;

    attr.name    = mutexName;
    attr.cb_mem  = &mutex_v;
    attr.cb_size = 4;

    mutex = osMutexNew(&attr);
    if (NULL == mutex) {
        HAL_Printf("create mutex failed");
    }

    return mutex;
}

void HAL_MutexDestroy(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = osMutexDelete((osMutexId_t)mutex);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("destroy mutex failed");
    }
}

void HAL_MutexLock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = osMutexAcquire((osMutexId_t)mutex, osWaitForever);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("lock mutex failed");
    }
}

void HAL_MutexUnlock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = osMutexRelease((osMutexId_t)mutex);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("unlock mutex failed");
    }
}

int HAL_MutexTryLock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = osMutexAcquire((osMutexId_t)mutex, osNoWait);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("trylock mutex failed");
    }
    return err_num;
}

改完之后是这样:

void *HAL_MutexCreate(void)
{
    // osMutexAttr_t   attr;
    // osMutexId_t     mutex;
    char            mutexName[RT_NAME_MAX];
    static uint32_t mutex_v;

    pthread_mutex_t *   mutex = HAL_Malloc(sizeof(pthread_mutex_t));
    pthread_mutexattr_t attr;

    int ret = pthread_mutex_init(mutex, &attr);  // osMutexNew(&attr);
    // if (NULL == mutex) {
    if (ret != 0) {
        HAL_Printf("create mutex failed\n");
    }

    return mutex;
}

void HAL_MutexDestroy(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = pthread_mutex_destroy(mutex);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("destroy mutex failed");
    }
}

void HAL_MutexLock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = pthread_mutex_lock(mutex);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("lock mutex failed");
    }
}

void HAL_MutexUnlock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;

    err_num = pthread_mutex_unlock(mutex);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("unlock mutex failed");
    }
}

int HAL_MutexTryLock(_IN_ void *mutex)
{
    int err_num;
    struct timespec absTimeout={0,0};

    err_num = pthread_mutex_timedlock(mutex, &absTimeout);

    if (0 != err_num) {
        HAL_Printf("trylock mutex failed");
    }
    return err_num;
}

使用的时候记得加上头文件: #include <pthread.h>
处理完这个异常情况,接下来就很顺利的登录腾讯云平台收发数据了

五.云平台控制展示

直接查看动图,控制还是很及时的:
#星光计划2.0#  OpenHarmony继续上云之腾讯云平台-开源基础软件社区

六.总结

其实对接腾讯云还是蛮简单的,最新版的sdk在打印上也比以前好多了.OpenHarmony的2.x版本优化了不少东西,记得去年这时候用1.x版本对接的时候还是很费劲的,给OpenHarmony团队点赞,也给腾讯云团队点赞
大家赶紧玩起来吧

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已于2021-12-28 23:31:33修改
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