HarmonyOS应用开发-FA调用PA能力学习分享

发布于 2021-11-3 10:17
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在鸿蒙开发中,页面交互时有时候需要调用后台PA的能力,比如数据获取、控制后台等,下面介绍如何做到上述情况。
相关接口:
FA端提供以下三个JS接口:
FeatureAbility.callAbility(OBJECT):调用PA能力。
FeatureAbility.subscribeAbilityEvent(OBJECT, Function):订阅PA能力。
FeatureAbility.unsubscribeAbilityEvent(OBJECT):取消订阅PA能力。
PA端提供以下两类接口:
IRemoteObject.onRemoteRequest(int, MessageParcel, MessageParcel, MessageOption):Ability调用方式,FA使用远端进程通信拉起并请求PA服务。
AceInternalAbility.AceInternalAbilityHandler.onRemoteRequest(int, MessageParcel, MessageParcel, MessageOption):Internal Ability调用方式,采用内部函数调用的方式和FA进行通信。
使用演示:
FA:

const ABILITY_TYPE_EXTERNAL = 0;
const ABILITY_TYPE_INTERNAL = 1;
// syncOption(Optional, default sync): 0-Sync; 1-Async
const ACTION_SYNC = 0;
const ACTION_ASYNC = 1;
const ACTION_MESSAGE_CODE_PLUS = 1001;
export default {
  plus: async function() {
    var actionData = {};
    actionData.firstNum = 1024;
    actionData.secondNum = 2048;

    var action = {};
    action.bundleName = 'com.example.hiaceservice';
    action.abilityName = 'com.example.hiaceservice.ComputeServiceAbility';
    action.messageCode = ACTION_MESSAGE_CODE_PLUS;
    action.data = actionData;
    action.abilityType = ABILITY_TYPE_EXTERNAL;
    action.syncOption = ACTION_SYNC;

    var result = await FeatureAbility.callAbility(action);
    var ret = JSON.parse(result);
    if (ret.code == 0) {
      console.info('plus result is:' + JSON.stringify(ret.abilityResult));
    } else {
      console.error('plus error code:' + JSON.stringify(ret.code));
    }
  }
}

PA:


// ohos相关接口包
import ohos.aafwk.ability.Ability;
import ohos.aafwk.content.Intent;
import ohos.hiviewdfx.HiLog;
import ohos.hiviewdfx.HiLogLabel;
import ohos.rpc.IRemoteBroker;
import ohos.rpc.IRemoteObject;
import ohos.rpc.RemoteObject;
import ohos.rpc.MessageParcel;
import ohos.rpc.MessageOption;
import ohos.utils.zson.ZSONObject;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
 
public class ComputeServiceAbility extends Ability {
  // 定义日志标签
  private static final HiLogLabel LABEL = new HiLogLabel(HiLog.LOG_APP, 0, "MY_TAG");

  private MyRemote remote = new MyRemote();
  // FA在请求PA服务时会调用Ability.connectAbility连接PA,连接成功后,需要在onConnect返回一个remote对象,供FA向PA发送消息
  @Override
  protected IRemoteObject onConnect(Intent intent) {
    super.onConnect(intent);
    return remote.asObject();
  }
  class MyRemote extends RemoteObject implements IRemoteBroker {
    private static final int SUCCESS = 0;
    private static final int ERROR = 1;
    private static final int PLUS = 1001;   

    MyRemote() {
      super("MyService_MyRemote");
    }
 
    @Override
    public boolean onRemoteRequest(int code, MessageParcel data, MessageParcel reply, MessageOption option) {
      switch (code) {
        case PLUS: {
          String dataStr = data.readString();
          RequestParam param = new RequestParam();
          try {    
              param = ZSONObject.stringToClass(dataStr, RequestParam.class);
          } catch (RuntimeException e) {    
              HiLog.error(LABEL, "convert failed.");
          }
                    
          // 返回结果当前仅支持String,对于复杂结构可以序列化为ZSON字符串上报
          Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<String, Object>();
          result.put("code", SUCCESS);
          result.put("abilityResult", param.getFirstNum() + param.getSecondNum());
          reply.writeString(ZSONObject.toZSONString(result));
          break;
        }
        default: {
          Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<String, Object>();
          result.put("abilityError", ERROR);
          reply.writeString(ZSONObject.toZSONString(result));
          return false;
        }
      }
      return true;
    }
 
    @Override
    public IRemoteObject asObject() {
      return this;
    }
  }
}

本文主要根据官方文档学习体验整理。

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