『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(三) 原创

发布于 2022-4-15 21:05
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简介

本系列文章记录作者大三开学第一个月中学习HarmonyOS移动应用开发学习经历,此篇为《微信聊天界面》项目,实现功能有

1、聊天信息功能,包括图片、文字

2、发送定位功能

3、选择发送本机图片功能

4、拍照并发送图片功能

如果在真机调试请将config文件中包名换成自己的应用包名即可,申请权限有文件读写、位置获取、相机调用、麦克风调用。

之前文章

『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(一)
『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(二)
聊天界面效果如图
 『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(三)-开源基础软件社区
 『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(三)-开源基础软件社区
图片选择界面
在该聊天界面选择图片里主要组件是ListContainer其余就是顶栏的Text与底下的Button。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<DirectionalLayout
    xmlns:ohos="http://schemas.huawei.com/res/ohos"
    ohos:height="match_parent"
    ohos:width="match_parent"
    ohos:alignment="center"
    ohos:orientation="vertical">
 
    <ListContainer
        ohos:weight="11"
        ohos:background_element="#FFE9E9E9"
        ohos:id="$+id:list_container"
        ohos:height="match_parent"
        ohos:width="match_parent"
        ohos:layout_alignment="horizontal_center"/>
 
    <Button
        ohos:id="$+id:close_image_button"
        ohos:weight="1"
        ohos:width="match_parent"
        ohos:height="0"
        ohos:text_size="27fp"
        ohos:text="关闭"
        ohos:background_element="#FFFDFDFF"
        />
</DirectionalLayout>

图片选择界面

在该聊天界面选择图片里主要组件是ListContainer其余就是顶栏的Text与底下的Button。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<DirectionalLayout
    xmlns:ohos="http://schemas.huawei.com/res/ohos"
    ohos:height="match_parent"
    ohos:width="match_parent"
    ohos:alignment="center"
    ohos:orientation="vertical">
 
    <ListContainer
        ohos:weight="11"
        ohos:background_element="#FFE9E9E9"
        ohos:id="$+id:list_container"
        ohos:height="match_parent"
        ohos:width="match_parent"
        ohos:layout_alignment="horizontal_center"/>
 
    <Button
        ohos:id="$+id:close_image_button"
        ohos:weight="1"
        ohos:width="match_parent"
        ohos:height="0"
        ohos:text_size="27fp"
        ohos:text="关闭"
        ohos:background_element="#FFFDFDFF"
        />
</DirectionalLayout>

是通过对话框弹出的界面CommonDialog组件,由图片Button的点击事件触发

    imageButton.setClickedListener(component1 -> {
            dialog = new CommonDialog(getContext());
 
            initImageData();
            DirectionalLayout directionalLayout = new DirectionalLayout(getContext());
            Component component2;
            component2 = LayoutScatter.getInstance(this).parse(ResourceTable.Layout_image_main, null, false);
            imagelistContainer= (ListContainer) component2.findComponentById(ResourceTable.Id_list_container);
            closeimagebutton = (Button) component2.findComponentById(ResourceTable.Id_close_image_button);
            closeimagebutton.setClickedListener(component3 -> {
                dialog.destroy();
            });
            directionalLayout.addComponent(component2);
            initImageListContainer();
 
            dialog.setContentCustomComponent(directionalLayout);
            dialog.setTitleText("图片");
            dialog.setSize(MATCH_PARENT,MATCH_PARENT);
            //dialog.setContentText("This is CommonDialog Content area.");
            dialog.setButton(IDialog.BUTTON3, "CONFIRM", (iDialog, i) -> iDialog.destroy());
            dialog.show();
            //addAndUpdateMessage(messageData.size(),"message","image");
        });

在第二篇中我们讲到图片是通过Uri访问的图片资源,Uri的资源获取类PictureManager 在上篇已经讲过。在展示里在ListContainer的实体类中是按行存储Uri,在Provider里转换为图片。
图片资源实体类

public class ImageLineItem {
    private int index;
    private Uri[] uris;
 
    public ImageLineItem(int index) {
        this.index = index;
    }
 
    public int getIndex() {
        return index;
    }
 
    public void setIndex(int index) {
        this.index = index;
    }
 
    public Uri[] getUris() {
        return uris;
    }
 
    public void setUris(Uri[] uris) {
        this.uris = uris;
    }
}

Provider里加载图片布局,对每一个Image组件都添加了点击方法调用发送并更新消息方法addAndUpdateMessag实现点击发送图片。

public class ImageLineProvider extends BaseItemProvider {
    private static final String TAG = ImageLineProvider.class.getSimpleName();
    private List<ImageLineItem> list;
    private AbilitySlice slice;
 
    private MainAbilitySlice mainAbilitySlice;
 
    public void setMainAbilitySlice(MainAbilitySlice mainAbilitySlice){
        this.mainAbilitySlice = mainAbilitySlice;
    }
 
    public ImageLineProvider(List<ImageLineItem> list, AbilitySlice slice) {
        LogUtil.info(TAG,"list.size() : "+list.size());
        this.list = list;
        this.slice = slice;
    }
 
    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        return list == null ? 0 : list.size();
    }
 
    @Override
    public Object getItem(int position) {
        if (list != null && position >= 0 && position < list.size()){
            return list.get(position);
        }
        return null;
    }
 
    @Override
    public long getItemId(int position) {
        return position;
    }
 
    private Component getItemComponent(int position) {
        return getComponent(position);
    }
 
    private Component getComponent(int position) {
        LogUtil.info(TAG,"list.size()"+list.size());
        final Component cpt;
        cpt = LayoutScatter.getInstance(slice).parse(ResourceTable.Layout_images_line, null, false);
        ImageLineItem imageLineItem = list.get(position);
        Image image1,image2,image3;
        image1 = (Image) cpt.findComponentById(ResourceTable.Id_image1);
        image2 = (Image) cpt.findComponentById(ResourceTable.Id_image2);
        image3 = (Image) cpt.findComponentById(ResourceTable.Id_image3);
 
        DataAbilityHelper helper=DataAbilityHelper.creator(slice.getContext());
        //定义图片来源对象
        ImageSource imageSource;
        Uri[] uris = imageLineItem.getUris();
        FileDescriptor fd = null;
 
        image1.setClickedListener(component1 -> {
            mainAbilitySlice.addAndUpdateMessage(mainAbilitySlice.getMessageDataSize(), String.valueOf(uris[0]),"image");
            mainAbilitySlice.getDialog().destroy();
        });
        image2.setClickedListener(component1 -> {
            mainAbilitySlice.addAndUpdateMessage(mainAbilitySlice.getMessageDataSize(), String.valueOf(uris[1]),"image");
            mainAbilitySlice.getDialog().destroy();
        });
        image3.setClickedListener(component1 -> {
            mainAbilitySlice.addAndUpdateMessage(mainAbilitySlice.getMessageDataSize(), String.valueOf(uris[2]),"image");
            mainAbilitySlice.getDialog().destroy();
        });
 
        try {
            fd = helper.openFile(uris[0], "r");
        } catch (DataAbilityRemoteException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        imageSource = ImageSource.create(fd, null);
        //创建位图
        PixelMap pixelMap = imageSource.createPixelmap(null);
        image1.setPixelMap(pixelMap);
        imageSource.release();
        helper.release();
 
        try {
            fd = helper.openFile(uris[1], "r");
        } catch (DataAbilityRemoteException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        imageSource = ImageSource.create(fd, null);
        //创建位图
        pixelMap = imageSource.createPixelmap(null);
        image2.setPixelMap(pixelMap);
        imageSource.release();
        helper.release();
 
        try {
            fd = helper.openFile(uris[2], "r");
        } catch (DataAbilityRemoteException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        imageSource = ImageSource.create(fd, null);
        //创建位图
        pixelMap = imageSource.createPixelmap(null);
        image3.setPixelMap(pixelMap);
        imageSource.release();
        helper.release();
 
        return cpt;
    }
 
    @Override
    public Component getComponent(int position, Component convertComponent, ComponentContainer componentContainer) {
        return getItemComponent(position);
    }
}

图片获取与布局就讲完了,最后看一下发送效果吧
 『牛角书』手把手教你用鸿蒙HarmonyOS实现微信聊天界面(三)-开源基础软件社区
(Preview:下篇讲如何实现发送定位功能)

Gitee链接
https://gitee.com/marshou/WeChatPage

©著作权归作者所有,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任
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